Currently Published Papers in Herbal Chemistry

Medicinal Plants of Rajasthan: A Review

Vyas Seema, Mali M.C. , Verma S.K. and Bhojak N.,IJGHC, September 2017 – November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6, No.4, 117-143.,DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/4/11743.

Rajasthan has geographic area of 342,239 square kilometers, has become geographically the largest state in India acquiring almost 11% of the total Geographical area of India, Located at 23º30´ and 30º 11’ North latitude and 69º 29’ and 78º 17’ East longitude is blessed with all three features i.e. mountains, plateaus and plains. The oldest range of mountains - Aravalli, biggest Indian desert the Thar or Maru-Kantar and the other arid regions, the Plateaus of Vindhaya and the Malwa, the Fertile plains in the Mewar, the Forest Regions and the Water resources including Rivers and Salt Lakes. In the present paper 389 Medicinal plants used in Indian system of medicine from Rajasthan state have been surveyed and catagorised systematically with their important traditional application for the cure of various ailments.

Phytochemical screening and antibacterial assay of the essential oil from Carpesium cernuum L.

Lalit S. Bisht, Rajendra Prasad, Deepshikha Joshi, Manoj K. Nailwal and Anand B. Melkani, IJGHC, September 2017 – November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6, No.4, 107-116, DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/4/10716.

Carpesium Cernuum L. (Asteraceae) growing wild in Kumaon and Garhwal region of the central Himalaya, is an herb of several medicinal properties. The essential oil from whole aerial parts of plant was extracted by steam distillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Total forty-five constituents were identified which represented 81.4% of the total oil composition. The essential oil was found rich in oxygenated sesquiterpene (38.6%) with sesquicineole (13.8%), α-bisabolol (9.6%) and myrtenal (6.0%) as the principal constituents. In-vitro antibacterial screening of the oil against ten bacterial strains showed significant activity against Xanthomonas phaseoli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica enterica. The essential oil showed minimum inhibitory concentration at 31.25 μL/mL against Escherichia coli, Pasteurella multocida, Enterococcus faecalis, Agrobacterium tumifaciens, Xanthomonas phaseoli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella enterica enterica.

Ethnobotanical and Socioeconomic Importance of Saraca indica L. (Sita Ashoka):Agra DIstrict

Neelam Kulshrestha and K.P. Singh,IJGHC, September 2017 – November 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6, No.4, 101-106.,DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/4/10106.

The present Ethnobotanical and Socioeconomic study was carried out with the help of the local people, tribal people, Medicine men and farmers of Agra district, Uttar Pradesh, who were using Saraca indica species, a medicinally important plant belonging to family (Caesalpinacae). The various morphological parts of this plant such as root, timber, bark, flower, seed are used to treat various diseases like cold, fever, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, toothache, indigestion, and liver diseases and as an wound healing, rheumatism, headache and treatment of neurotic disorder.

Study of the variation in the chemical composition of Eichhornia crassipes exposed to external aggressions

Sènandémi Edwige Reine MAHUNON, Martin Pépin AINA, Edmond Konan KOUASSI, Cokou Pascal AGBANGNAN-DOSSA, Benjamin Kouassi YAO, Kopoin ADOUBY,IJGHC, June 2017 – August 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6, No.3, 81-91.DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/3/8191.

Used in several areas including sanitation, water hyacinth is known for its ability to absorb pollutants which in turn represent an external aggression for the plant. This work aims to study the variation of the chemical compounds secreted by this plant to deal with external aggressions. The major families of chemical compounds were identified, according to the standard procedure, in the species of Eichhornia crassipes from two countries (Benin and Ivory Coast). The results showed the presence of several secondary metabolites (free flavonoids, polyphenols, sterols, leucoanthocyanins and terpenoids). Determination of the phenolic compounds revealed a high concentration of total flavonoids compared to tannins and polyphenols, whatever the state of the plant (fresh or dry). Furthermore, the species harvested in Côte d'Ivoire are richer in these metabolites than those harvested in Benin. Used in wastewater treatment, it reveals a readjustment of the total polyphenol content (CPT) when the duration of the treatment increases from 5 to 15 days. However, the levels of condensed tannins (TC) and total flavonoids (FT) were multiplied by three or even four. A more or less noticeable increase in the content of total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids and condensed tannins was observed when water hyacinth was used in the treatment of high-level waste water (944mgO2 / L).

Phytochemical and In vitro Anti-Inflammatory Evaluation of Aqueous Extract of Croton Klotzchianus Leaves

T. Radha and R. Kannan, IJGHC, June 2017 – August 2017; Sec. B; Vol.6, No.3, 74-80.,DOI: 10.24214/IJGHC/HC/6/3/7480

The aqueous extract of leaves of croton klotzchianus were screened for the presence of various phytochemicals by standard procedures. It was confirmed the presence of flavonoids and terpenoids. Invitro anti-inflammatory was evaluated using albumin denaturation assay and membrane stabilization at different concentrations. The results obtained in the present study indicate the aqueous extract of leaves of croton klotzchianuscan be a potential source of anti-inflammatory activity